Engraved on underside of rim: cypher of Georg Ludwig [GL in script] and inventory number and weight, "S. Z. No. 13. 3. 13."
Marked on underside of plate: lion rampant, within shield (guild mark of Hanover); DD crowned, within shield; maker's mark of Hermann Sander [Scheffler 1431].
About 1708/1710, George Louis (b. 1660 - d. 1727), Elector of Hanover, later George I, King of Great Britain (r. 1714 - 1727) (original commission); by descent within the family to George III (b. 1738 - d. 1820), King of Great Britain and Elector and King of Hanover [see note 1]; by inheritance to his son, George IV (b. 1762 - d. 1830), King of Great Britain and Hanover; by inheritance to his brother, William IV (b. 1765 - d. 1837), King of Great Britain and Hanover; 1837, by inheritance to his nephew, Ernst Augustus I (b. 1837- d. 1851), King of Hanover [see note 2]; by inheritance to his son, George V (b. 1819 - d. 1878), King of Hanover; by descent within the family, through the Princes of Hanover, to Ernst Augustus V (b. 1954), Prince of Hanover. 2004, private foundation, United States; 2006, given from this private foundation to the MFA. (Accession Date: January 25, 2006) NOTES:  In 1816, the Elector of Hanover assumed the title of King.  Because by Salic law a woman could not inherit the throne of Hanover, upon the succession of Queen Victoria of England in 1837, the crown passed to the oldest surviving son of George III.