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Engage your students with the collections of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, to illustrate themes and concepts in any discipline.

Reactions to Industrialization in the Arts: Arts and Crafts

Eva Urban Hughes Erin Lehmann
Wayland High School
July 8, 2009

Progressivism Reflected in the Arts: Reformers and Artists Working to Beautify America

Objectives:
1. Students will be able to associate the Arts and Crafts Movement and Prairie School of Architecture with the Progressive Movement.
2. Students will be able to understand why the Arts and Crafts Movement and Prairie School of Architecture arose out of the massive industrialization and immigration at the turn of the century.
3. Students will be able to identify key goals and characteristics of both the Arts and Crafts Movement and the Prairie School of Architecture.
4. Students will be able to identify the key goals of Progressive reformers.

Materials:
Gadsden, Nonie. Art and Reform: Sara Galner, The Saturday Evening Girls and the Paul Revere Pottery. Boston: MFA, 2007.

Ward, Gerald W.R. MFA Highlights: American Deocative Arts and Sculpture. Boston: MFA, 2006.
MFA.org — Educator Resources, Museum databases

Massachusetts Frameworks Addressed: USII.8 Analyze the origins of Progressivism and important Progressive leaders, and summarize the major accomplishments of Progressivism. (H, E)

Essential Questions:
1. How does the Arts and Crafts Movement and Prairie School of Architecture reflect a tendency to fix the negative effects of industrialization?
2. How do economic and social problems influence art and architecture during the Progressive Era?

Procedure: DAY 1
1. Warm-up Brainstorm. Ask students to recall problems caused by industrialization. Diagram a graphic organizer on the board. Possible responses will include: child labor, working conditions, women, nativism/immigrants, unions etc.
2. ASK: What should be done to fix some of these problems? Diagram a graphic organizer on the board. Possible responses will include: legislation, government involvement, civic responsibility, law enforcement, union organizations, grass roots organizations, etc.
3. Who were the Progressives? Create a large umbrella on board and begin listing the various groups involved in the Progresssive Movement. Suffragettes, Muckrakers, The Goo Goo's, Unions, African Americans and Civil Rights leaders, Middle Class, Women, T. Roosevelt, Temperance groups
4. SLIDE SHOW PARTI/ Day 1: Please see MFA.org for Gallery #1
a. How was the Arts and Crafts Movement a reflection of the greater goals of the Progressives? b. Progressivism in Action: The Saturday Evening Girls in the North End c. Connect to the larger Progressive Movement across America 5. Homework: Log on to MFA.org and look at one of three suggested Arts and Crafts items and answer the following questions: Describe your object and How does it embody the spirit of the Arts and Crafts Movement? Suggestions: Paul Revere Pottery 2007.371, Chair by Henry Hobson Richardson 61.236, Silver vase 1978.234. Insert only the item number into the search box to get an image. DAY 2 1. Review objects observed from MFA.org for homework and review goals of Progressives and Arts and Crafts Movement. What do these objects all have in common? 2. Introduce the extension of the Arts and Crafts Movement and Progressivism into architecture and utopian communities springing up around the country. 3. SLIDE SHOW PART 2/ DAY 2: Please see MFA.org for Gallery #2 a. How does the Prairie School of Architecture relate to the reaction against Industrialization? b. Prairie School of Architecture: Frank Lloyd Wright and George W. Maher, Henry Hobson Richardson, Gustavus Stickley c. Utopian Communities: Byrdcliff, Roycroft 4. Closure: You are the Artist or Architect! a. Emulate the Arts and Crafts style or Prairie School of Architecture in your own design. i. Details: Your creation must be drawn and two-dimensional ii. Your item must emulate at least three characteristics of either the Arts and Craf

Created By

Erin Lehmann