This online gallery supports the Museum of Fine Arts exhibition "Goya: Order and Disorder" which is on view from October 12, 2014 to January 19, 2015.
Francisco Goya (1746-1828) was a Spanish born artist known for his nightmarish compositions, depictions of war, and extensive court portraits. Later artists, such as Manet and Picasso, were greatly influenced by the energy and emotion expressed in Goya’s paintings and prints. This lesson supports the exhibition "Goya: Order and Disorder," on view October 12, 2014 to January 19, 2015, providing gallery activities to help students and teachers access the collection.
Goya lived during a time of political and economic instability, where wars raged on throughout most of his lifetime. The French dictator Napoleon invaded Spain, monarchies were overturned and restored, and many innocent people were punished unjustly when the Spanish Inquisition was reinstated. As court painter to King Charles IV of Spain, Joseph Bonaparte, and later King Ferdinand VII, Goya was greatly affected by the shaky political situation. His personal life was also disrupted by a serious illness that left him deaf and unable to paint for a period of time. Later in his life, fearing the rule of the tyrannical Ferdinand VII, Goya left for France where he died at the age of 82. His subject matter ranges from whimsical sketches and colorful scenes of everyday life to horrific images of madness, war, and violence.
This exhibition features prints, drawings, paintings, and tapestry designs by Francisco Goya, produced throughout his lifetime.
In exploring this lesson, students will:
-Learn how Goya produced his paintings and prints, including an understanding of the artist’s handling of paint.
-Discover how Goya explores the relationship between order and discord through an interest in the supernatural.
-Explore how Goya’s print sets represent a need to document the political situation in Spain and restore a sense of national identity disrupted through invasions and wars.
This discovery will require students to:
-Look closely at the compositions and make observations based on visual evidence.
-Make connections between the visual art and the history that encompasses its creation.
Using this resource:
-Visual Art teachers and students will be interested in Goya’s art making processes, including his use of watercolor on ivory miniatures.
-History teachers and students will be interested in Goya’s connection with the rulers of Spain, as well as his depictions of the Peninsular War.
-Spanish teachers and students will be interested in the cultural aspect of Goya’s court paintings, as well as his association with seventeenth century court painter Diego Velazquez.
For sample related classroom activities, download the PDFs available under Related Resources.
The objects in this lesson are just a beginning. We encourage you to explore the Museum's online collection through this web source--or even better, to visit the Museum and walk through the physical galleries--to look for other objects that will provide further insights into this exhibition.