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Chandelier

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(Lusterweibchen). Bronze and brass oval frame simulates antlers suspended by three chains. Polychromed half-figure of a woman in flat hat holds two shields of arms at front. Turned sockets at sides support circular pans below hexagonal molded sockets.

Provenance

Albert Figdor (b. 1843 - d. 1927), Vienna; September 29, 1930, posthumous Figdor sale, Paul Cassirer, Berlin, lot 255, sold for M 1,400 to Hinrichsen (dealer). Oscar Bondy (b. 1870 - d. 1944), Vienna [see note 1]; 1938, seized by Nazi forces; 1948, restituted to Elisabeth (Mrs. Oscar) Bondy, New York [see note 2]; probably sold by Mrs. Bondy to Blumka Gallery, New York [see note 3]; 1949, sold by Blumka to the MFA for $1350. (Accession Date: March 10, 1949) NOTES: [1] Oscar Bondy, a Jewish businessman living in Vienna, owned a vast collection of paintings, sculptures, and works of decorative art. This chandelier is included in a Nazi-generated inventory of his collection (July 4, 1938; Vienna, BDA-Archiv, Restitutions-Materialen, K 8/1), p. 47, no. 1505. Also see Sophie Lillie, "Was einmal war: Handbuch der enteigneten Kunstsammlungen Wiens" (Vienna, 2003), p. 234, where it is listed in a later inventory of his possessions as well (April 3, 1939; Vienna, BDA-Archiv, Restitutions-Materialen, K 8/3). [2] In 1938, when Germany invaded Austria, Oscar Bondy's collection was systematically looted by the Nazis. Mr. Bondy and his wife left Europe and emigrated to the United States, where he passed away in 1944. In the years following World War II, much of his collection was restituted to his widow and subsequently sold on the New York art market. In a copy of the 1938 inventory (mentioned above, n. 1), which was used by the Allied forces responsible for restituting looted artwork, it is noted that the chandelier was given back in 1948. For further on Oscar Bondy, see Lillie, 2003 (as above, n. 1), pp. 216-245. [3] Blumka Gallery sold many of the objects restituted to German and Austrian emigrés living in the United States, including Elisabeth Bondy.

Credit Line

H. E. Bolles Fund and Frederick Brown Fund

Swiss, first half of 16th century

Object Place

Lindau, Switzerland

Dimensions

15.87 x 34.29 cm (6 1/4 x 13 1/2 in.)

Accession Number

49.88

Medium or Technique

Metal; bronze, linden, with polychrome decoration

Collections

Europe

Classifications

Furniture