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Mill on a River

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Claude Gellée, born in the French province of Lorraine, was one of many artists from the north of Europe who went to Italy in the first half of the seventeenth century. Claude became famous throughout Europe for his mastery of atmospheric effects of light. This landscape includes an artist...

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Inscription

Lower left, on fallen pediment: CIA [...] E IV 163(?)

Provenance

Possibly Fréderic-Maurice de la tour d'Auvergne (b. about 1605 - d. 1652), Duc de Bouillon, Sedan, France (?) [see note 1]. 1826, Woodburn (dealer), London; March 25, 1826, sale, Woodburn, London, lot 71, not sold (?) [see note 2]. Until 1845, Thomas Wright, Upton Hall, Newark, England; June 7, 1845, Wright sale, Christie's, London, lot 44, to Moore for Wynn Ellis (b. 1790 - d. 1875), London; June 17, 1876, Ellis sale, Christie's, London, lot 4, to Portington. 1943, Sir Berkeley Sheffield, 6th Bt. (b. 1876 - d. 1946), Normanby Park, Scunthorpe, Lincolnshire; July 16, 1943, Sheffield sale, Christie's, London, lot 40 [see note 3], to Sandor. By 1944, Koetser Gallery, London and New York; 1944, sold by Koetser to the MFA for $6000. (Accession Date: March 9, 1944) NOTES: [1] John Smith, "A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch, Flemish, and French Painters," part 8 (London, 1837), pp. 378-379, no. 409: "stated to have formerly adorned the country mansion of the Count de Bouillon." W. G. Constable, "The Early Work of Claude Lorrain," Gazette des Beaux-Arts, 1945, p. 308, suggests that this refers to the Duc de Bouillon, "one of Claude's most important patrons." However, the earlier Woodburn sale catalogue (1826) makes no mention of its ownership by the duc de Bouillon. [2] The outcome of the sale in 1826 is not known. In 1837, Smith (as above, n. 1) states that the painting was with Woodburn. [3] Sold as a work by C. van Everdingen.

Credit Line

Seth K. Sweetser Fund

1631 (?)

Dimensions

61.6 x 84.5 cm (24 1/4 x 33 1/4 in.)

Accession Number

44.72

Medium or Technique

Oil on canvas

Collections

Europe

Classifications

Paintings