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The Dream of Saint Romuald (Cutting from an Antiphonary or a Gradual)

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A cutting from an antiphonary or gradual choirbook (both book types containing songs for the Divine Office or Mass), with four partial staves on verso. Heightened square neumes on a four-line red staff, no clefs extant. Written in a Rotunda script in black ink with text in Latin. Historiated...

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By 1961, Jacob Hirsch estate, New York [see note 1]. Frederick Stern, New York [see note 2]. 1967, Julius Böhler, Munich; 1967, sold by Böhler to John Goelet, New York; 1973, gift of John Goelet to the MFA. (Accession Date: January 9, 1974) NOTES: [1] Millard Meiss, "An Early Lombard Altarpiece," Arte Antica e Moderna, 13 (1961): 132, n. 28 and pl. 46b. [2] Serena Padovani, "Pittori della corte estense nel primo Quattrocento," Paragone 26 (1975): 48, n. 28. At the time of publication, Padovani was unaware that the miniature was owned by the MFA.

Credit Line

Gift of Mr. John Goelet in honor of Hanns Swarzenski

Italian (Venice?), Medieval (Late Gothic)/early Renaissance, mid-15th century

Place of Manufacture

Northern Italy


Overall: 21 x 13.5 cm (8 1/4 x 5 5/16 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Tempera, ink and gold leaf on parchment




Books and manuscripts, Manuscripts