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MFA for Educators

Engage your students with the collections of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, to illustrate themes and concepts in any discipline.

Beauty for the Eye and Ear

  • The Hollingsworth Family

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •Does the family look like they are celebrating something? Why or why not?

    •What is the general mood of the painting?

    •Why do you think no one is looking at each other?

    •What do you think the young lady is playing on the piano?

    Details

    The Hollingsworth Family

    about 1840

    George Hollingsworth, American, 1813–1882

    Dimensions

    106.68 x 183.2 cm (42 x 72 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    47.1227

    Collections
    Americas More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

  • Family with Piano

    Slide Notes

    The young lady is playing a piano that might have looked like this one up close. This piano was made around the same time that the artist did the painting.

    You can listen to a piece of music being played on this very piano. The music clip is called "Trip to Nahant," composed by James Hewitt in about 1811 (performed by Darcy Kuronen).

    Details

    The Hollingsworth Family

    about 1840

    George Hollingsworth, American, 1813–1882

    Dimensions

    106.68 x 183.2 cm (42 x 72 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    47.1227

    Collections
    Americas More Info

    Square piano

    1822–24

    Alpheus Babcock, American, 1785–1842

    Dimensions

    Length 168 cm, width 65.4 cm, case height 23.8 cm, height 85 cm (Length 66 1/8 in., width 25 3/4 in., case height 9 3/8 in., height 33 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Mahogany

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    42.412

    Collections
    Musical Instruments More Info

    Description


    Multimedia

  • Family Comparison

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •Compare and contrast these two families. Are they happy, excited, bored? Support your answers with details from the paintings.

    •How did the artist capture the different moods of the two scenes?

    Lesson #1 Assignment:

    Write a paper reflecting on how the act of playing and listening to music at social gatherings encourages people to bond. Use supporting details from the two paintings as visual references, as well as examples from your own life.

    Details

    Twelfth-Night Feast

    1662

    Jan Havicksz. Steen, Dutch, 1626–1679

    Dimensions

    Overall: 131.1 x 164.5cm (51 5/8 x 64 3/4in.) Framed: 155.6 x 188.6 cm (61 1/4 x 74 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    54.102

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Dutch & Flemish Art (1600-1700) - 242 More Info

    The Hollingsworth Family

    about 1840

    George Hollingsworth, American, 1813–1882

    Dimensions

    106.68 x 183.2 cm (42 x 72 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    47.1227

    Collections
    Americas More Info

    Description


    Multimedia

  • Implied Music:

    Though instruments may not be included in certain images, there is an understanding that music is being played.

  • How do artists capture the sound of music without depicting an instrument?

  • In the Loge

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •Looking at this image, what kind of show do you think these people are attending?

    •How is sound or music implied in this scene?

    •What do you think the woman is looking at?

    •Imagine this is an opera, concert or a ballet performance. What sounds would you hear just before the curtain goes up?

    Details

    In the Loge

    1878

    Mary Stevenson Cassatt, American, 1844–1926

    Dimensions

    81.28 x 66.04 cm (32 x 26 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    10.35

    Collections
    Americas More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

  • In the Loge Music

    Slide Notes

    Perhaps the woman is attending a ballet or opera where the oboe is one of many instruments being played.

    As you listen to the music performed on the oboe, focus on the image. Can you imagine that the music is actually playing in that theater?

    Details

    Oboe

    about 1720

    Hendrik Richters, 1683–1727

    Dimensions

    Length 56.8 cm (22 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Ebony, ivory, silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1985.705

    Collections
    Musical Instruments
    On View
    Future AOE Gallery (18th c.) - 142 More Info

    In the Loge

    1878

    Mary Stevenson Cassatt, American, 1844–1926

    Dimensions

    81.28 x 66.04 cm (32 x 26 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    10.35

    Collections
    Americas More Info

    Description


    Multimedia


  • Shirabyoshi Dancer

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •How can you tell that woman in this image is dancing?

    •Do you think she is dancing for a small or large audience? Explain your answer.

    •What kind of music do you think she is dancing to?

    Details

    Shirabyoshi Dancer

    first half of the 19th century

    Eietsu, Japanese, dates unknown

    Dimensions

    Image: 125.8 x 54 cm (49 1/2 x 21 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Hanging scroll; ink and color on paper

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    11.7974

    Collections
    Asia More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

  • Japanese Dance & Flute

    Slide Notes

    The woman might be dancing to music played on a flute such as this.

    This particular flute was made later than the painting, but it includes an audio clip that gives you an idea of what it sounds like.

    The music you can listen to is called "Asa Kaze" ("Morning Breeze") composed by Nakao Tozan in 1938 (performed by Mary Ellen Miller).

    Details

    Shirabyoshi Dancer

    first half of the 19th century

    Eietsu, Japanese, dates unknown

    Dimensions

    Image: 125.8 x 54 cm (49 1/2 x 21 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Hanging scroll; ink and color on paper

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    11.7974

    Collections
    Asia More Info

    End-blown flute (shakuhachi)

    probably 1930s

    Yamaguchi Shiro, Japanese, 1885–1963

    Dimensions

    Length 55 cm (21 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Bamboo

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    2004.130

    Collections
    Musical Instruments
    On View
    103D More Info

    Description


    Multimedia

  • Music for Spectators:

    Though learning to play an instrument is an intimate act, music is usually meant to be received by an audience, whether in a formal or a casual setting.

  • Little Fourteen-Year-Old Dancer

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •Based on her stance, do you think ballerina is just practicing or is she about to perform for an audience? How can you tell?

    •What kind of music can you imagine she is practicing or performing to here?

    •Why do you think music must accompany the image of a ballerina?

    Details

    Little Fourteen-Year-Old Dancer

    original model 1878–81, cast after 1921

    Edgar Degas, French, 1834–1917

    Dimensions

    Total height: 103.7 cm; Height of Figure: 98 cm; Height of base: 5.7 cm; width of base 45.5 cm; depth of base: 46.5 cm

    Medium

    Bronze, gauze and satin

    Classification

    Sculpture

    Accession Number

    38.1756

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Rabb Gallery (Europ. 1870-1900) - 255 More Info

    Description

    Bronze. Figure of a girl ballet dancer. Tulle skirt.

    Multimedia

  • Arabesque over Right Leg

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •Do you think this ballerina is performing in front of audience or practicing? How can you tell?

    •What do you think the artist was concerned with while making this sculpture? (Her stance, her physical features, her muscles, etc.)

    Details

    Arabesque over Right Leg

    modeled between 1880 and 1895, cast in bronze after 1919

    Edgar Degas, French, 1834–1917

    Dimensions

    27.3 x 40.64 cm (10 3/4 x 16 in.)

    Medium

    Bronze

    Classification

    Sculpture

    Accession Number

    1979.505

    Collections
    Europe More Info

    Description

    Bronze. Right leg on rough base on thin rectangle with caster's seal at corner, 1/B across. Left arm and leg stretched horizontally. Rough texture.

    Multimedia

  • Ballet Music

    Slide Notes

    Or perhaps the same oboe you saw earlier is being played as a ballerina performs on stage.

    Close your eyes and imagine that the ballerina is dancing to the music you are listening to.

    Details

    Arabesque over Right Leg

    modeled between 1880 and 1895, cast in bronze after 1919

    Edgar Degas, French, 1834–1917

    Dimensions

    27.3 x 40.64 cm (10 3/4 x 16 in.)

    Medium

    Bronze

    Classification

    Sculpture

    Accession Number

    1979.505

    Collections
    Europe More Info

    Oboe

    about 1720

    Hendrik Richters, 1683–1727

    Dimensions

    Length 56.8 cm (22 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Ebony, ivory, silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1985.705

    Collections
    Musical Instruments
    On View
    Future AOE Gallery (18th c.) - 142 More Info

    Description

    Bronze. Right leg on rough base on thin rectangle with caster's seal at corner, 1/B across. Left arm and leg stretched horizontally. Rough texture.


    Multimedia

  • Dance at Bougival

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •Do you think this couple is enjoying the dance? What are some visual clues to support your answer?

    •What kind of music can you imagine is playing as they are dancing?

    •Why did the artist choose to focus on this one couple in a place where there are possibly many others dancing?

    •What is so interesting about this couple to the artist?

    Details

    Dance at Bougival

    1883

    Pierre-Auguste Renoir, French, 1841–1919

    Dimensions

    181.9 x 98.1 cm (71 5/8 x 38 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    37.375

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Rabb Gallery (Europ. 1870-1900) - 255 More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

  • Dance Comparison

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •What are the differences in the kinds of music you imagine that go along with each piece of art?

    •How is music implied, but not illustrated, by each artist?

    •What is the importance of capturing a moment in time for each artist?

    Lesson #2 Assignment:

    Pick music from 3 different genres to accompany the sculpture and the painting. Explain why you made those choices, how different musics affects your perception of the artwork (such as the mood), and if you feel one song/genre suits the artwork the best. Present your assignment to the class.

    Details

    Arabesque over Right Leg

    modeled between 1880 and 1895, cast in bronze after 1919

    Edgar Degas, French, 1834–1917

    Dimensions

    27.3 x 40.64 cm (10 3/4 x 16 in.)

    Medium

    Bronze

    Classification

    Sculpture

    Accession Number

    1979.505

    Collections
    Europe More Info

    Dance at Bougival

    1883

    Pierre-Auguste Renoir, French, 1841–1919

    Dimensions

    181.9 x 98.1 cm (71 5/8 x 38 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    37.375

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Rabb Gallery (Europ. 1870-1900) - 255 More Info

    Description

    Bronze. Right leg on rough base on thin rectangle with caster's seal at corner, 1/B across. Left arm and leg stretched horizontally. Rough texture.


    Multimedia

  • Music in Religion:

    Musical instruments and music is important to many religions in enlivening celebrations, accompanying lament, or complementing worship.

  • In what ways do musical instruments and music enliven religious celebrations, accompany lament, or complement worship?

  • Saint Cecilia

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •Is she in the correct stance for someone playing a violin? Why do you think she is depicted this way?

    •How is Saint Cecilia shown as a humble figure?

    •Is there a sense that she is religious or a religious figure in this painting?

    Details

    Saint Cecilia

    about 1645

    Bernardo Cavallino, Italian (Neapolitan), 1622–1654

    Dimensions

    92.7 x 74.3 cm (36 1/2 x 29 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    36.269

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Koch Gallery (Europ. Painting 1500-1700) - 250 More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

  • Saint Cecilia

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •How can we tell that Saint Cecilia is a holy and religious figure in this engraving?

    •How does religion play a role in this image?

    •What do you think Saint Cecilia is singing and playing?

    •What do you think is the significance of the organ?

    Details

    Saint Cecilia

    Paul Maupin, French, about 1553–1647

    Dimensions

    Block: 28.5 x 17.5 cm (11 1/4 x 6 7/8 in.); Sheet: 29.9 x 19 cm (11 3/4 x 7 1/2 in.)

    Medium

    Woodcut on blue paper, heightened with white gouache

    Classification

    Prints

    Accession Number

    68.326

    Collections
    Prints and Drawings More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

  • St. Cecilia - Music

    Slide Notes

    In one of the previous images, St. Cecilia is seen playing an organ.

    The organ on the left is a better example of one that looks similar to the one St. Cecilia is playing. To give you an idea of what an organ sounds like, listen to the audio clip from the organ on the right.

    The music "Vivace from Voluntary No. 9 from Ten Voluntaries for the Organ (Op. 7)" by John Stanley, composed in 1754 (performed by Peter Sykes).

    Details

    Organ (hydraulis, after 1st-century Roman type)

    1900–04

    Francis William Galpin, English, 1858–1945

    Dimensions

    Height with stand 202 cm, width 70.5 cm, depth 50.5 cm (Height with legs 79 1/2 in., width 27 3/4 in., depth 19 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1942

    Collections
    Musical Instruments More Info

    Chamber organ

    1792

    John Avery, English, 1772–1807

    Dimensions

    Height 117 cm, width 100.5 cm, depth 54 cm (Height 46 1/16 in., width 39 9/16 in., depth 21 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Mahogany

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1941

    Collections
    Musical Instruments
    On View
    103D More Info

    Description


    Multimedia

  • What is the purpose of music in social gatherings?

  • St. Cecilia Comparison

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •In what ways are the two images of Saint Cecilia different? In what ways are they the similar?

    •What do you think is the significance of the different instruments?

    •Do you think one image is more religious than the other? Why or why not?

    Details

    Saint Cecilia

    about 1645

    Bernardo Cavallino, Italian (Neapolitan), 1622–1654

    Dimensions

    92.7 x 74.3 cm (36 1/2 x 29 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    36.269

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Koch Gallery (Europ. Painting 1500-1700) - 250 More Info

    Saint Cecilia

    Paul Maupin, French, about 1553–1647

    Dimensions

    Block: 28.5 x 17.5 cm (11 1/4 x 6 7/8 in.); Sheet: 29.9 x 19 cm (11 3/4 x 7 1/2 in.)

    Medium

    Woodcut on blue paper, heightened with white gouache

    Classification

    Prints

    Accession Number

    68.326

    Collections
    Prints and Drawings More Info

    Description


    Multimedia

  • Benzaiten, the Goddess of Music...

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •How is the goddess Benzaiten being portrayed in this painting?

    •Why do you think she is depicted as playing a biwa (a Japanese form of a lute)?

    •Where do you think she is located in this painting? Why do you think the artist chose to paint her in this location?

    Details

    Benzaiten, the Goddess of Music and Good Fortune

    17th century

    Tosa Mitsuoki, Japanese, 1617–1691

    Dimensions

    Image: 118.5 x 60.8 cm (46 5/8 x 23 15/16 in.) Overall: 209.6 x 81.1 cm (82 1/2 x 31 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Hanging scroll; ink and color on silk

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    11.4565

    Collections
    Asia More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

  • Benzaiten & Lute

    Slide Notes

    Here is a close up image of a lute that resembles the one in the painting.

    Details

    Benzaiten, the Goddess of Music and Good Fortune

    17th century

    Tosa Mitsuoki, Japanese, 1617–1691

    Dimensions

    Image: 118.5 x 60.8 cm (46 5/8 x 23 15/16 in.) Overall: 209.6 x 81.1 cm (82 1/2 x 31 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Hanging scroll; ink and color on silk

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    11.4565

    Collections
    Asia More Info

    Lute (biwa)

    19th century

    Dimensions

    Length 105 cm, width 40.3 cm, depth 7 cm (Length 41 5/16 in., width 15 7/8 in., depth 2 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Shitan wood, leather

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    2005.204

    Collections
    Musical Instruments More Info

    Description


    Probably a gakubiwa.

    Multimedia

  • Benzaiten Pipa Music

    Slide Notes

    The lute you see here is a Chinese one, called a pipa.

    Though the instrument and painting featured here are from different regions, there is an audio clip that accompanies the pipa to give you an idea of what it sounds like, and what might have been played using such an instrument. The music is called "Chun jiang hua yue ye" ("Moonlit River in Spring"), a traditional song performed by Kevin Zhen on a modern pipa.

    Details

    Benzaiten, the Goddess of Music and Good Fortune

    17th century

    Tosa Mitsuoki, Japanese, 1617–1691

    Dimensions

    Image: 118.5 x 60.8 cm (46 5/8 x 23 15/16 in.) Overall: 209.6 x 81.1 cm (82 1/2 x 31 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Hanging scroll; ink and color on silk

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    11.4565

    Collections
    Asia More Info

    Lute (pipa)

    1891

    Dimensions

    Length 104 cm, width 30.5 cm, depth 5.5 cm (Length 40 15/16 in., width 12 in., depth 2 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Teak, wutong wood, ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.2049

    Collections
    Musical Instruments
    On View
    103D More Info

    Description


    Multimedia

  • St. Cecilia & Benzaiten

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •Both women are divine beings associated with music. What are the visual clues that indicate who they are? Can you tell if both are divine? Why or why not?

    •Who do you think these images were made for? Do you think that these people would have understood the identities of the women easily? Why or why not?

    •What are the similarities and differences in how they are portrayed?

    Details

    Saint Cecilia

    Paul Maupin, French, about 1553–1647

    Dimensions

    Block: 28.5 x 17.5 cm (11 1/4 x 6 7/8 in.); Sheet: 29.9 x 19 cm (11 3/4 x 7 1/2 in.)

    Medium

    Woodcut on blue paper, heightened with white gouache

    Classification

    Prints

    Accession Number

    68.326

    Collections
    Prints and Drawings More Info

    Benzaiten, the Goddess of Music and Good Fortune

    17th century

    Tosa Mitsuoki, Japanese, 1617–1691

    Dimensions

    Image: 118.5 x 60.8 cm (46 5/8 x 23 15/16 in.) Overall: 209.6 x 81.1 cm (82 1/2 x 31 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Hanging scroll; ink and color on silk

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    11.4565

    Collections
    Asia More Info

    Description


    Multimedia

  • The Virgin and Child with Saint...

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •Why do you think music is being played? What do you think is going on?

    •Notice that nearly a third of the painting is devoted to music being played in the presence of the holy figures. In what ways is music important to the scene?

    **What instruments can you find in this painting?** (HINT: Use the Zoom feature to take a closer look at the image.)

    Details

    The Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine

    about 1590

    Peter Candid, Flemish (active in Florence and Munich), about 1548–1628

    Dimensions

    226 x 159.1 cm (89 x 62 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    1980.72

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Koch Gallery (Europ. Painting 1500-1700) - 250 More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

  • Virgin and Child Music

    Slide Notes

    One of the angels is playing a golden harp.

    Here you can see an example of a harp from about 1700.

    This music is "Bransle de la Torche" by Michael Praetorius, composed in 1612 (performed by Nancy Hurrell on a modern replica of this harp, made by Catherine Campbell, Port Townsend, WA, 2000).

    Details

    The Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine

    about 1590

    Peter Candid, Flemish (active in Florence and Munich), about 1548–1628

    Dimensions

    226 x 159.1 cm (89 x 62 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    1980.72

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Koch Gallery (Europ. Painting 1500-1700) - 250 More Info

    Harp

    about 1700

    Dimensions

    Height 130.8 cm, width 45 cm, depth 20.4 cm (Height 51 1/2 in., width 17 11/16 in., depth 8 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Maple, pearwood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.1785

    Collections
    Musical Instruments
    On View
    103D More Info

    Description


    Quadrangular soundbox. Back, sides, and soundboard of maple, with pairs of incised lines along all edges. Soundboard grain oriented vertically. Three pairs of soundholes in soundboard, each composed of circular pattern of smaller holes. Pillar of maple with U-shaped cross section. Neck of pearwood with shallow reeding along top and sides. String pegs in form of L-shaped brays (several modern replacements) of maple. Tuning pins of iron. Exact compass unknown, but possibly GG to c3 (thirty-two strings).

    Multimedia

  • Virgin and Child Instrument 2

    Slide Notes

    If you look very carefully, you can see that one of the angels in the upper right-hand corner is playing an instrument that looks like it could be a clarinet or a recorder.

    Listen to the music played on this particular clarinet, and imagine that it is playing in the background of this scene. The music is an excerpt from "Aria from Concerto in E-flat" by Karl Stamitz, composed in the 1770s (performed by Diane Heffner).

    Details

    The Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine

    about 1590

    Peter Candid, Flemish (active in Florence and Munich), about 1548–1628

    Dimensions

    226 x 159.1 cm (89 x 62 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    1980.72

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Koch Gallery (Europ. Painting 1500-1700) - 250 More Info

    Clarinet in B-flat

    about 1780–90

    Heinrich Carl Tölcke, 1720–1798

    Dimensions

    Length 66.2. cm (26 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1875

    Collections
    Musical Instruments More Info

    Description


    Boxwood body in four parts: barrel, upper and lower body, and bell. No ferrules. Mouthpiece of ebony. Seven fingerholes and one thumbhole. Six square keys (Young type F) of brass (e, f-sharp, g-sharp, a', a-shake', and speaker), mounted on rings and blocks with springs attached to keys. Pitched in B-flat.

    Multimedia

  • Virgin and Child Enthroned with...

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •Look very closely. Why do you think there are three different scenes and events being depicted on one object?

    •This was originally a small, intimate altarpiece, with a panel on either side that would close and hide the images on the bottom. How do you think would this have been used?

    •Why is music significant to that particular scene?

    **Can you find the instruments being depicted in this painting?** (HINT: Use the Zoom feature to take a closer look at the image.)

    Details

    Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints; Crucifixion; Coronation of the Virgin

    about 1340–50

    Maestro Daddesco, Italian (Florentine), active 2nd quarter of the 14th century

    Dimensions

    Madonna and child, 31.11 x 12.7 cm (12 1/4 x 5 in.); Crucifixion, 31.11 x 13.02 cm (12 1/4 x 5 in.); Christ and Virgin, 22.86 x 18.41 cm (9 x 7 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Tempera on panel

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    38.1840

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Museum Council Gallery (European, 1300-1500) - 254 More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

  • Dormition of the Virgin

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •How does the artist express the sadness and grief of the apostles?

    •Why do you think one of them is ringing a bell? What is the significance of it?

    •How can you tell the holy figures from the ones who are not?

    (HINT: Use the Zoom feature to take a closer look at the image.)

    Details

    Dormition of the Virgin

    about 1350–60

    Unidentified artist, Bohemian (Prague), mid 14th century

    Dimensions

    100 x 71.1 cm (39 3/8 x 28 in.)

    Medium

    Tempera on panel

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    50.2716

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Museum Council Gallery (European, 1300-1500) - 254 More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

  • Prince on a terrace with female...

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    • Why do you think the prince has asked for a private performance for him and two other people?

    • Why do you think they are performing outside at night?

    • What do you think the purpose of this image was?

    • What instruments can you find in this painting?

    Details

    Prince on a terrace with female dancers and musicians

    Early 18th century

    Dimensions

    Overall: 38.4 x 27.5 cm (15 1/8 x 10 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Opaque watercolor and gold on paper

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    14.859

    Collections
    Asia More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

  • Lesson 3 Assignment

    Slide Notes

    Lesson #3 Assignment:

    In an essay, choose one of the given quotes and give your interpretation of the quote. In relation to the quote, describe why you think instruments are included in the two paintings, focusing on their roles in the respective scenes. Also, consider how they affect the mood and atmosphere of the scene.

    Details

    The Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine

    about 1590

    Peter Candid, Flemish (active in Florence and Munich), about 1548–1628

    Dimensions

    226 x 159.1 cm (89 x 62 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    1980.72

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Koch Gallery (Europ. Painting 1500-1700) - 250 More Info

    Dormition of the Virgin

    about 1350–60

    Unidentified artist, Bohemian (Prague), mid 14th century

    Dimensions

    100 x 71.1 cm (39 3/8 x 28 in.)

    Medium

    Tempera on panel

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    50.2716

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Museum Council Gallery (European, 1300-1500) - 254 More Info

    Description


    Multimedia

  • Music for Knowledge and Leisure:

    The ability to play a musical instrument is often associated with a leisure activity, but is also appreciated by many, whether as a sign of culture and class or simply for its beauty.

  • What are the motivations for playing musical instruments in general and with playing particular instruments?

  • Pair of menuki in the form of five...

    Slide Notes

    These are decorative pieces that would have adorned the handle of a Japanese sword. They are attached to the wrap that is tied around the handle, and could easily be moved from sword to sword.

    The Four Accomplishments refer to the four arts which would make a well-rounded gentleman-scholar in Chinese society. This idea first originated in China, and was later adapted to other Asian cultures.

    "Looking" Questions:

    •Why do you think music is considered one of four accomplishments?

    •Why do you think the three other arts would have made a well-rounded person?

    •Do you think this idea would have applied to women as well? Why or why not?

    •What makes someone well-rounded today?

    •These decorations were made from gold. Why do you think they were made from such a precious material?

    **What is the instrument being depicted in the menuki?** (HINT: Use the Zoom feature to take a closer look at the image.)

    Details

    Pair of menuki in the form of five Chinese scholars and an attendant engaged in the Four Accomplishments: Calligraphy, Painting, Go and Music

    Late 18th–early 19th century

    Dimensions

    Overall: 3.8 x 0.4 cm (1 1/2 x 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Main material: gold; decorative technique: uchidashi, takabori

    Classification

    Arms and armor

    Accession Number

    11.24678b

    Collections
    Asia More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

  • Parody of the Four Accomplishments...

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •Why do you think the artist named this painting a parody of the four accomplishments? In what ways is this parody?

    •Why do you think beautiful women are portrayed engaging in the four accomplishments instead of gentlemen-scholars?

    **Can you tell what instrument is in this painting?** (HINT: Use the Zoom feature to take a closer look at the image.)

    Details

    Parody of the Four Accomplishments (Music, Chess, Calligraphy, and Painting)

    1789–1801(first half of the Kansei era)

    Katsukawa Shunshô, Japanese, 1726–1792

    Dimensions

    Image: 128.4 x 54 cm (50 9/16 x 21 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Hanging scroll; ink and color on silk

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    11.4630

    Collections
    Asia More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

  • Four Accomphishments Zither

    Slide Notes

    A zither was featured in the painting on the right as well as on the pair of menuki.

    Here, you can listen to what a song played on a zither sounds like. The music is called "Rokudan no Shirabe" ("Composition in Six Movements") composed by Yatsuhashi Kengyo in the mid-1600s (performed by Ayakano Cathleen Read on a koto made by Yoshida, Tokyo, 1974).

    Details

    Parody of the Four Accomplishments (Music, Chess, Calligraphy, and Painting)

    1789–1801(first half of the Kansei era)

    Katsukawa Shunshô, Japanese, 1726–1792

    Dimensions

    Image: 128.4 x 54 cm (50 9/16 x 21 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Hanging scroll; ink and color on silk

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    11.4630

    Collections
    Asia More Info

    Zither (koto)

    19th century

    Dimensions

    Length 190.9 cm, width 25 cm, height 15.7 cm (Length 75 3/16 in in., width 9 13/16 in., height 6 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Paulownia and other woods, lacquer work, tortoiseshell, ivory, silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    2005.212

    Collections
    Musical Instruments
    On View
    103D More Info

    Description


    Multimedia

  • Jan van Musschenbroek and His Wife

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •How can you tell that this man and his wife are wealthy? Support your answer.

    •Do you think they are focused on playing music? Why or why not?

    •Why do you think they chose to be painted with a musical instrument and music books if they are not depicted as actually playing music?

    •Notice the details of each figures' facial features. Why do you think the couple is painted so realistically?

    Details

    Jan van Musschenbroek and His Wife

    1685 or 1688

    Pieter Cornelisz van Slingeland, Dutch, 1640–1691

    Dimensions

    61.9 x 49.8 cm (24 3/8 x 19 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on panel

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    1981.133

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Remis Gallery (European Art 1600-1800) - 244 More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

  • Music Lesson

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •Can you tell who is giving the music lesson and who is receiving it? Support your answer.

    •Why do you think that both people are not looking at the instrument or the music sheet?

    •Where do you think they are looking? What are they looking at?

    •Does it seem like this music lesson is important to them? Why or why not?

    **Which instrument is the man playing?**

    Details

    Music Lesson

    1870

    Edouard Manet, French, 1832–1883

    Dimensions

    141.0 x 173.1 cm (55 1/2 x 68 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    69.1123

    Collections
    Europe More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

  • Manet's Instrument

    Slide Notes

    The man is seen playing a guitar. Manet was a French artist, so this painting was likely completed in France.

    This particular guitar was made at around the same time in the United States. The accompanying music is "The Boston Quick Step" by James Flint, Jr., composed in the 1840s (performed by Olav Chris Henriksen).

    Details

    Music Lesson

    1870

    Edouard Manet, French, 1832–1883

    Dimensions

    141.0 x 173.1 cm (55 1/2 x 68 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    69.1123

    Collections
    Europe More Info

    Guitar (style 2)

    about 1865

    James Ashborn, American, 1824–1876

    Dimensions

    Length 91.2 cm, width 29 cm (Length 35 7/8 in., width 11 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood, spruce, maple

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    1998.194

    Collections
    Musical Instruments More Info

    Description


    Two-piece back of rosewood over substrate of softwood. Ribs of rosewood over substrate of maple (?). Belly of medium-grain spruce with triple-line purfling. Binding of light wood on back and belly. Septuple-line purfling encircling soundhole. Neck and headstock of maple veneered with rosewood. Tuning machines of brass and iron with knobs of rosewood. Fingerboard of rosewood with nineteen frets of brass. Nut, bridge, and bridge pins of ebony. End button of ivory. Internal construction: Four lateral braces on back; two lateral braces on belly (one above soundhole) plus three thin, steeply angled braces at lower end. Original case of wood lined with patterned fabric.

    Multimedia

  • The Music Lesson

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •Does it seem like they are a couple? Why or why not?

    •Do you think they are enjoying the lesson?

    •Do you think they are focused on learning how to play or instrument? If not, what do you think they are more concerned with?

    **What instrument do you think is being played here?** (HINT: Use the Zoom feature to take a closer look at the image.)

    Details

    The Music Lesson

    about 1759

    Frankenthal Manufactory, Germany

    Dimensions

    21.8 cm (8 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Hard-paste porcelain with colored enamel and gilded decoration

    Classification

    Ceramics, Porcelain

    Accession Number

    96.874

    Collections
    Europe More Info

    Description

    Man and woman seated under a vase of flowers; the man has purple clothes and the woman a yellow dress with sprigs of green; both have musical instruments.

    Multimedia

  • Twelfth-Night Feast

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •What do you think is going on in the picture?

    •What do you think is the relationship between the people in this painting? How can you tell if they are friends, family, or strangers?

    •If you were a part of this scene, what sort of things do you think you could hear, smell or feel?

    **Which instrument is featured in this painting?** (HINT: Use the Zoom feature to take a closer look at the image.)

    Details

    Twelfth-Night Feast

    1662

    Jan Havicksz. Steen, Dutch, 1626–1679

    Dimensions

    Overall: 131.1 x 164.5cm (51 5/8 x 64 3/4in.) Framed: 155.6 x 188.6 cm (61 1/4 x 74 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    54.102

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Dutch & Flemish Art (1600-1700) - 242 More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

  • Music Lesson Comparison

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •Who do you think is receiving the music lesson? How can you tell?

    •What are the similarities and differences between these two artworks?

    Details

    The Music Lesson

    about 1759

    Frankenthal Manufactory, Germany

    Dimensions

    21.8 cm (8 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Hard-paste porcelain with colored enamel and gilded decoration

    Classification

    Ceramics, Porcelain

    Accession Number

    96.874

    Collections
    Europe More Info

    Music Lesson

    1870

    Edouard Manet, French, 1832–1883

    Dimensions

    141.0 x 173.1 cm (55 1/2 x 68 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    69.1123

    Collections
    Europe More Info

    Description

    Man and woman seated under a vase of flowers; the man has purple clothes and the woman a yellow dress with sprigs of green; both have musical instruments.


    Multimedia

  • Drinking cup (skyphos) depicting...

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •Why do you think an athlete would need music lessons?

    •What does this image say about the importance of music in ancient Greek society?

    •Why do you think this image was made on a drinking cup?

    **Can you tell what instrument the athlete is learning to play?** (HINT: Use the Zoom feature to take a closer look at the image.)

    Details

    Drinking cup (skyphos) depicting young athlete taking a music lesson

    about 530–520 B.C.

    Dimensions

    Height: 10.5 (4 1/8 in.); width (max at handles): 22.5 cm (8 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Ceramic, Black Figure

    Classification

    Vessels

    Accession Number

    61.1233

    Collections
    The Ancient World More Info

    Description

    Black glaze on rim, interior and foot. White on lyre. A: a boy with a strigil and aryballos faces a bearded man who is seated on a stool and holds a lyre on his knees. B: three men in conversation. In center, a young man in tunic and over-cloak (himation). On his left and right are young men with oil flasks. This scene shows how closely related athletic and musical instruction were. A youth, identifiable as an athlete from his strigil and aryballos, stands before a seated man who holds a lyre, a harplike instrument; so evidently he is a music teacher. Condition: Broken at rims and at nearby or right-hand handle.

    Multimedia

  • Degas's Father Listening to...

    Slide Notes

    The older man sitting in the background is Degas's, the artist's, father. He is shown listening intently to Lorenzo Pagans, a well-known guitarist in Paris at the time. Pagans is both singing and playing the guitar.

    "Looking" Questions:

    •How can you tell that Degas's father is listening intently?

    •Do you think there are other people listening to this performance? Why or why not?

    •What do you think Degas's father is thinking about as he listens to the music?

    •Do you think Lorenzo Pagans is enjoying himself? Why or why not?

    Details

    Degas's Father Listening to Lorenzo Pagans Playing the Guitar

    about 1869–72

    Edgar Degas, French, 1834–1917

    Dimensions

    81.6 x 65.1 cm (32 1/8 x 25 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    48.533

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Rabb Gallery (Europ. 1870-1900) - 255 More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

  • Degas Instrument

    Slide Notes

    Lorenzo Pagans is the man seen singing and playing the guitar in this painting. He was a famous performer in late-nineteenth century France, performing songs from his native Spain to different audiences.

    The music that accompanies the guitar is "Serenade" by John Coupa, composed about 1840 (performed by Olav Chris Henriksen). John Coupa was a Hispanic-American guitarist.

    Can you imagine someone singing along to the serenade?

    Details

    Degas's Father Listening to Lorenzo Pagans Playing the Guitar

    about 1869–72

    Edgar Degas, French, 1834–1917

    Dimensions

    81.6 x 65.1 cm (32 1/8 x 25 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    48.533

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Rabb Gallery (Europ. 1870-1900) - 255 More Info

    Guitar

    about 1840

    Martin & Coupa, American, active about 1840–1850

    Dimensions

    Length 92.6 cm, width 29 cm (Length 36 7/16 in., width 11 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood, spruce, ebony, ivory, brass, mother-of-pearl, nickel silver, sheep gut, silver, abalone, steel

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    2003.342

    Collections
    Musical Instruments
    On View
    Goel Gallery (Am. Innovation) - 239 More Info

    Description


    Two-piece back and ribs of rosewood. Belly of fine-grain spruce. Binding of ivory around edges of back and belly. Purfling of pearl diamonds set in black mastic around edges of belly and soundhole. Purfling of alternating dark and light wood in herringbone pattern along upper and lower edges of ribs. Purfling of alternating dark and light wood squares around edges of back. Neck and headstock of hardwood veneered with ebony; sides of headstock veneered with ivory. Neck angle adjustable with watch-key screw at heel. Tuning machines of iron and brass; back of headstock covered by plate of brass engraved with floral designs. Nut and fingerboard of ivory with eighteeen frets of nickel silver. Bridge of ivory with decorative lobe inlaid with abalone. Bridge pins of ebony. Internal construction: three lateral braces on back; two lateral braces on belly (one above soundhole) plus two angled braces in V pattern. Original case of yellow poplar with no extant lining.

    Multimedia

  • Boy Singing

    Slide Notes

    "Looking" Questions:

    •Do you think the boy is singing to someone or is he singing by himself? Why?

    •What do you think he is holding in his hand?

    •Do you think he is perhaps practicing for a big performance?

    •Why do you think the artist chose to depict the boy at that particular moment in time while he singing?

    Details

    Boy Singing

    1627

    Hendrick ter Brugghen, Dutch, 1588–1629

    Dimensions

    Overall: 85.2 x 73.6cm (33 9/16 x 29in.) Framed: 104.8 x 93.3 cm (41 1/4 x 36 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Oil on canvas

    Classification

    Paintings

    Accession Number

    58.975

    Collections
    Europe
    On View
    Dutch & Flemish Art (1600-1700) - 242 More Info

    Description

    Multimedia

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