Inventory number engraved on underside of beaker: "No: 12: [in block letters]". Engraved on side: arms of George Louis, as Elector of Hanover from 1698 (later George I).
Marked on underside of base: lion rampant in shield (guild mark for Hanover); "A" [block letter]; unidentified maker's mark (AHD within shield), possibly associated with Andreas Hornung [Scheffler 1429a].
About 1726, George I (b. 1660 - d. 1727), King of Great Britain and Elector of Hanover (original commission) [see note 1]; by inheritance within the family to George III (b. 1738 - d. 1820), King of Great Britain and Elector and King of Hanover [see note 2]; by inheritance to his son, George IV (b. 1762 - d. 1830), King of Great Britain and Hanover; by inheritance to his brother, William IV (b. 1765 - d. 1837), King of Great Britain and Hanover; 1837, by inheritance to his nephew, Ernst Augustus I (b. 1837- d. 1851), King of Hanover [see note 3]; by inheritance to his son, George V (b. 1819 - d. 1878), King of Hanover; by inheritance within the family, through the Princes of Hanover, to Ernst Augustus V (b. 1954), Prince of Hanover. 2004, private foundation, United States; 2006, given from this private foundation to the MFA. (Accession Date: January 25, 2006) NOTES:  This beaker may belong to a set of 20 documented added to the Hanoverian "Service E" by George I, made in 1726 and 1727.  In 1816, the Elector of Hanover assumed the title of King.  Because by Salic law a woman could not inherit the throne of Hanover, upon the succession of Queen Victoria of England in 1837, the crown passed to the oldest surviving son of George III.