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The vital role of women in the structure and expansion of Luba influence is suggested by female caryatid stools, which may have featured centrally in investiture ceremonies. Women were linked to Luba legitimacy, and they served as emissaries to and diplomatic figures in surrounding chiefdoms...

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Bryce P. Holcombe (d. 1983), New York [see note]; to Pace Primitive and Ancient Art, New York (stock no. 51-7913); June 19, 1986, sold by Pace to William and Bertha Teel, Marblehead, MA; 1994, year-end gift of Mr. and Mrs. Teel to the MFA. (Accession Date: January 25, 1995) NOTE: Director of Pace Primitive and Ancient Art until his death in 1983.

Credit Line

Gift of William E. and Bertha L. Teel

African, Luba peoples, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Late 19th to early 20th century

Object Place

Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire)


43.18 cm (17 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique



Africa and Oceania