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Reliquary figure (mbulu ngulu)

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The Kota placed guardian figures called mbulu ngulu (image of the spirit of the dead) in baskets that held the bones and the skulls of important ancestors. They revered these relics of important leaders in the belief that their extraordinary powers transcended death. The rudimentary,...

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Credit Line

Lent by William E. Teel

African, Gabon, Kota peoples, Late 19th to early 20th century


59.69 cm (23 1/2 in.)

Accession Number

L-R 230.1997

Medium or Technique

Wood, copper, brass, bone


Africa and Oceania


Ritual Objects