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Kalpasutra and Kalacharya-katha

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Text in Prakrit throughout. Some paintings have titles or headings, also written in Prakrit. Although the colophon does not give a date, it does give the names of the donors: Lalatu and Madi, daughters of Ratna and Bhrama, wives of Samgha son of Jaitisha. The colophon praises the Ukesha, or Oswal, family, suggesting that the donors are of that lineage. The colophon also cites the members of the Jnanakiya sect in whose honor the manuscript was given: Mahendra Suri and Pandit Gunacandra, disciples of Dhanesvara Suri. See AKC, Vol. IV, for full text and translation of colophon.


Given to the MFA in 1917 by Denman Waldo Ross. Purchased in 1917 from Ananda Coomaraswamy. Purchased in India prior to 1916. Colophon indicates that manuscript was made for members of the Osval Jain family, in honor of members of the Jnanakiya sect.

Credit Line

Ross-Coomaraswamy Collection

Indian, Jain, early 15th century

Object Place

probably Gujarat, Western India


Each page: 28.2 x 9.6 cm (11 1/8 x 3 3/4 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Ink and opaque watercolor on paper; cotton and cardboard




Books and manuscripts, Manuscripts