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Devagandhari Ragini

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Obverse: at top, in Punjabi script, "Devagandhari Ragini, wife of Malkausa" (devgandhari ragini malkausa di bharja). Traces of an earlier, sloppier version of the same inscription appear beneath this line. Reverse: at top, in Takri, "malkosa di bharja dua patara." Also, a much more scribbled line, which Goswamy thinks is the dealer's hand (seen also on Dipak raga from this set). In English: "Malkaus."


Given to the MFA by Denman Waldo Ross in 1917. Purchased from Ananda Coomaraswamy in 1917. Purchased in India prior to 1916.

Credit Line

Ross-Coomaraswamy Collection

Indian, Pahari, about 1700–10

Object Place

Bahu-Jammu, Punjab Hills, Northern India


Overall: 21 x 20.9cm (8 1/4 x 8 1/4in.) Framed: 18 3/4 x 14 3/4 in. (47.6 x 37.5 cm)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Opaque watercolor and silver on paper