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Magic knife (peseshkef) inscribed for King Khufu

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Fine-grained flint wand inscribed with the name of Khufu. Ritual wands were used in the "opening of the mouth" ceremony; this particular object would have been used on the statues of Menkaura in his valley temple.


Giza, Menkaura Valley Temple. 1908, excavated by the Harvard University-Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; 1911, assigned to the MFA by the Egyptian government. (Accession Date: March 2, 1911)

Credit Line

Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition

Egyptian, Old Kingdom, Dynasty 4, reign of Khufu (Cheops), 2551–2528 B.C.

Object Place for Label


Egypt (Giza, Menkaure Valley Temple)


Height x width x depth: 18.3 x 2.8 x 0.4 cm (7 3/16 x 1 1/8 x 3/16 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique



The Ancient World


Religious and cult objects