Interior: In the tondo, framed by a circle of wave-pattern, are twelve marine creatures; a horn shell (cerith), a wedge clam (donax), a scallop, two dolphins, a cuttlefish, an octopus, a flying squid, a spotted torpedo, a striped perch, an angler-fish, and a dentex. Unlike the sea creatures on...
Interior: In the tondo, framed by a circle of wave-pattern, are twelve marine creatures; a horn shell (cerith), a wedge clam (donax), a scallop, two dolphins, a cuttlefish, an octopus, a flying squid, a spotted torpedo, a striped perch, an angler-fish, and a dentex. Unlike the sea creatures on fish-plates, the dolphins, squid, angler-fish, and dentex on this patera are arranged in a radial pattern. The backs of the various creatures are tinted with dilute glaze and with white or yellow highlights and markings. Circling the tondo is a white vine. Exterior: On side A, a nude youth wearing a fillet is seated on a folded drapery between a woman at right and an Eros at left. Eros holds a wreath with fillet in his left hand and a laurel branch in his right; the youth holds a phiale on his right hand and branch in his left; the woman carries a situla in her left hand and a dipper in the right. Eros wears a kekryphalos and white bracelets, ankets, earrings, and necklace. The woman wears a chiton, kekryphalos, and white shoes, bracelets, earrings, and necklace. There are fillets, rosettes, and a "window" amid the well-preserved figures. On side B, only the legs of a male at the right are preserved. The woman wears a yellow shoes; the yellow staff by her feet is a thyrsos. She may be a maenad. Below the handles, between A and B, are elaborate complexes of palmettes and coiling tendrils. The groundline consists of groups of four stopt maeanders to left alternating with cross-squares with circles in each quadrant. There are rosettes on each of the knobs and a dotted egg-pattern around the outer rim. The top of the rm is reserved between the handles. Compare a similar patera in the Metropolitan Musuem of Art, New York (inv. 1989.281.61), formerly in the Schimmel collection (McPhee and Trendall, Fish-Plates, p. 124, no. IVA/67, pl. 48b; RVAp, II, p. 257, no. 18/247), and a second, also from the Phrixos Group, in a Geneva private collection (McPhee and Trendall, Handbook, fig. 207; RVAp, Suppl. II, p. 158, no. 18/248a). All three paterae may be by the Phrixos Painter, to judge by the fish on his name-vase, Berlin F 3345, a patera with Phrixos riding over the sea on the ram (RVAp, II, p. 526, no. 18/244; McPhee and Trendall, Fish-plates, p. 123, no. IVA/65, pl. 48a). McPhee and Trendall, however, have also noted a close similarlity to fish on amphorae of the Perrone Group, and, in fact, it is difficult to say how many hands are at work. This Perrone-Phrixos Group was part of the large and diverse Tarentine workshop of the Darius Painter and produced not only these fish-filled paterae but also produced fish-plates of more customary shape (e.g., cat. no. 49); see McPhee and Trendall, Fish-plates, pp. 123-127, pls. 48-50. (text from Vase-Painting in Italy, catalogue entry no. 47)
By date unknown: perhaps on the New York Art Market at Royal Athena Gallery; by 1970: Mr. and Mrs. Cornelius C. Vermeule III Collection (loaned to MFA October 1, 1970 as 171.1970); gift of Mr. and Mrs. Cornelius C. Vermeule III to MFA, April 24, 1991
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Cornelius C. Vermeule III
Greek, South Italian, Late Classical Period, 340–330 B.C.