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A straight-sided raised vessel with center point on base, the tankard tapers inward toward lip, with applied and stepped base molding, one midband soldered above lower handle juncture, and flared molding at lip. The domed and stepped lid has a reel-turned finial and is scored at lip and once at...

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In later script on body opposite handle " Presented / [arrow toward text] to / Joseph Tolman / by his Father / 1749." Below midband "To Joseph Tolman Hartt / in 1859 / To Joseph Tolman Hartt Jr. / Oct. 23d 1868." Scratch weight of "26 2 0" incised twice on base.


To left of handle, stamped "I:Potwine" in script, within a rectangular cartouche having a shaped top. Ada Mark * F4729


The inscription on the tankard was added many years after it was made. It identifies Benjamin Tolman (b. 1676) in Dorchester, and later Scituate, Massachusetts, as the donor of the tankard to his son Joseph (b. 1715), who married Bertha May (Mary) Turner (b. 1717) of Scituate in 1738. By descent to their son Joseph (1750-1831) of the same town, who married Bethiah Turner (1753-1846) [ED: NOT SAME AS HIS MOTHER]. The tankard was inherited by their daughter, Mary Turner Tolman (1792/3-1876), who in 1813 married Samuel Hartt (1786-1860). Hartt was the third son of Edmund Hartt (1744-1824)) the noted shipbuilder of the United States Navy vessel Constitution (1812). The tankard descended to their sixth son, Joseph Tolman Hartt (1830-c. 1888), who married Nellie L. Brownell (1847-1925) in 1867; to their son Joseph Tolman Hartt, Jr. (1868-1941) of Scituate, who in 1920 married Mary Agnes Moore (1880-1980) of Norwood. Hartt gave the tankard to his grandson, the donor, Edwin A. Crawford (b. 1934) of Cambridge, son of Alice Mary (Hamilton) Hartt (1906-1987), who in 1932 married Edwin A. Crawford. Sources: Gerald Lee Tolman, The Descendants of Thomas Tolman (1608) (Bountiful, Utah: The Thomas Tolman Family Genealogy Center, 1996), p. 1, 5-6; 14; 29-30; 61-2; 127-28; James A. Hart, comp.,Genealogical Historyof Descendants of Samuell Hartt of Lynn, Mass., 1640-1903, (Pasadena, Ca.: Published by the author, 1903), p. 3, 18, 71-2; 77, 79; Massachusetts Vital Records and Statistics [many members of family -- list each separately?]

Credit Line

Gift of Edwin and Helen Crawford

about 1730–34

Object Place

Boston, Massachusetts


19.7 x 17.8 x 10 cm (7 3/4 x 7 x 3 15/16 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique





Silver hollowware